10 Different Types Of Bamboo Plants For Your Garden And Backyard

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Bamboo Plants are exotic perennial plants that are peaceful and calming to the senses. You might not know this, but bamboo has been associated with calmness and peace since ancient times.

Because the outdoor bamboo plants are tough to control and care for, most enthusiastic gardeners are seldom cautious about adding this exotic plant to their backyard gardens or landscapes.

If you can grow bamboo in your garden and backyard? We don’t consider bamboo an indoor plant, but we can indeed grow it in our garden. With proper care and conditions, some bamboo plants like arrows or dwarf green stripes can adopt a good life indoors. Large-leaved bamboo plants are the best thriving indoor plants.

This article will cover everything from how to grow bamboo indoors to general procedures and varieties of bamboo that you can grow very effortlessly indoors.

Bamboo Plants That You Can Easily Plant in Your Backyard

Very few people know that there are 1575 species of bamboo which are divided into two categories: Clump and runner.

Following are a few best choices amongst clump and runner bamboo plants that you must plant indoors.

1. Arrow Bamboo

Arrow Bamboo
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Arrow bamboo is scientifically called Pseudosasa japonica, originally from Japan and South Korea. This shiny green bamboo plant grows approximately 20 feet tall with nearly 10 inches long leaves.

We derived the name arrow bamboo, which was highly prized and extensively employed in making arrows. This bamboo grows well in low and high sunlight but thrives in soft lighting more than most bamboo species.

2. Black Bamboo

Black Bamboo
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Originated in Hunan, China, Black bamboos are also called Phyllostachys nigra in scientific language. They grow 80 inches tall and have 2-5 inches long lance-shaped leaves.

The canes are green for up to the first three seasons, then become black and stay that way.

Black bamboo can withstand temperatures as low as 0°F, which sets it apart from other bamboo species.

3. Chilean Bamboo

Chilean Bamboo
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An evergreen type of bamboo, Chilean bamboo originally comes from South America. Its scientific name is Chusquea culeou.

What makes Chilean bamboo different from any other bamboo is that they are frost resistant.

The plant can reach a height of 26 feet and has tiny leaves that can be a few inches long.

For centuries, indigenous South Americans used Chilean bamboo to make spear shafts.

4. Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo

Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo
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Another popular species of bamboo you can plant indoors is Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo hails from Japan. Its scientific name is Pleioblastus viridistriatus.

Dwarf Green Stripe Bamboo can extend up to 4 feet long; however, it can reach a height of roughly 30 inches if planted indoors. This specific type of bamboo demands bright morning or midday sunlight.

This bamboo is almost frost resistant, surviving lower temperatures of -10°F.

5. Fargesia Bamboo

Fargesia Bamboo
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Hailing from China and Vietnam, Fargesia Bamboo’s genus name is Fargesia.

These bamboo varieties are commonly grown for aesthetic reasons and make excellent indoor plants.

Fargesia bamboo is grown in approximately 80 different subspecies all over the world.

6. Guadua Bamboo

Guadua Bamboo
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If you visited Mexico, Uruguay, and the nearby areas, you would have found Guadua bamboo, also known as the neotropical bamboo species.

Guadua Bamboos are used for making houses in rural areas of Columbia and Ecuador.

They proliferate fast, up to 1 inch daily, and reach heights of 90 to 100 feet.

7. Hill Cane

Hill Cane
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Yet another bamboo genus that you can grow indoors very quickly. Scientifically it is called Arundinaria Appalachian, as they hail from the Appalachian mountains in eastern North America. The most famous bamboo species is the shortest and thinnest.

Hill cane bamboo does not grow very high and stops at the height of 1.5 to 3 feet long, making it perfect for indoors. Hill cane bamboo leaves can be between 3.5 and 9 inches long.

Also Read: 15 Inexpensive DIY Landscape Border Ideas

8. Oldham’s Bamboo

Oldham's Bamboo
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Another bamboo species coming originally from North America, Oldham’s Bamboo, are scientifically known as Bambusa oldhamii. The largest in the United States grows to a height of 65 feet.

This bamboo species is often mistaken for another one from China- Bambusa atrovirens. Oldham’s bamboo has several tiny leaves up to a few inches in length and can grow up to 4 inches thick (cane-wise).

9. Buddha Bamboo

Buddha Bamboo
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Coming from China, the Buddha Bamboo variant is globally known for its lumpy notes resembling Buddha’s Bulging Belly, which is also quite the reason for its name being Buddha Bamboo.

Scientifically it is called Bambusa ventricosa. You can use it at your home for decorative purposes in small pots. It grows perfectly well in soil that is moist and fertile.

10. Umbrella Bamboo

Umbrella Bamboo
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If you are searching for a bamboo plant that is tiny and non-invasive for decorating your home, this is the plant for you. This solid and exotic bamboo plant is flexible with every temperature. Its genus name is Fargesia murielae.

Umbrella bamboos proliferate in bunches, with the majority of them spreading 4 to 5 feet wide and may grow up to 15 feet tall. They prefer partial shade because direct sunshine might affect the leaf’s texture. These plants are both versatile and simple to grow.

Procedures For Growing Bamboo Plants Indoors

Bamboos are elegant house plants growing indoors or in the backyard garden, but it’s not easy for plants to grow.

To grow the healthy and good bamboo plants indoors, you must follow the following procedures:

  • Use the appropriate pot for the plant.
  • Allow abundance of sunlight or artificial light.
  • Water and fertilize the plant as needed.
  • Maintain an appropriate temperature range for your bamboo.
  • Make sure that plants have enough humidity to sprout.
  • Take you to plant outside from time to time to show it sunlight and fresh air.

A detailed description of the main guidelines you should follow for good bamboo production indoors.

The Appropriate Size of the Container

Unlike any other indoor plant, bamboo requires a slightly big and strong plant container. Bamboo roots are so strong that they can break through anything, so never choose a plastic container. We recommend you select a metal container.

This hand-hammered metal container would work perfectly for your indoor bamboo.

Best Kind Of Soil For Growing Bamboo Indoors

The right type of soil for growing bamboo inside the home is quick drain and rich soil that can stay moist for a long time without soaking wet.

The soil used for pots is perfect for growing bamboo. Also, combining peat moss and perlite with the potting soil (⅓ proportion) would be an ideal experiment.

1. Perfect Lighting Requirement

One of the best benefits of growing bamboo inside is that it can survive under a diverse amount of sunlight. The bamboo plant might stay stable under low lighting and indirect sunlight but will not grow correctly.

It requires at least six hours of light per day, but it flourishes with more. Most bamboo takes off and flourishes when provided with more light.

2. The Right Amount of Watering

Bamboo plants need a good amount of water, one inch per week. The challenge is that the plant requires rapid and adequate water drainage. As a result, rich, well-draining soil is desired.

3. Humidity-Level Requirements For Bamboo Plants

The humidity level required depends on the growing species of plants. Depending on that, bamboo requires a high amount of humidity (over 50%).

4. The Ideal Temperature For Indoor Bamboo Plants

The most suitable temperature for indoor bamboo varies between 65°F to 95°F. But again, it also depends on the bamboo species you are growing inside your home.

5. Fertilizers For An Indoor Bamboo Plant

Depending on the plant’s kind and condition, bamboo should be fertilized once or twice every month. We suggest you prefer organic fertilizers. Diluted liquid houseplant fertilizer, aquarium water, and other fertilizer and nutrients used for houseplants are also suitable.

6. Repotting Indoor Bamboo Plants

Indoor bamboo requires reporting very often because of various reasons. The main reason is that repotting prevents the plant from getting rootbound. Dig up the indoor bamboo, shake the soil off the bottom, and carefully peel the roots apart to re-pot it.

Replant with care, ensuring the roots are spread out as you fill the new pot with soil.


Bamboo plants are very efficient for growing indoors as they provide more oxygen than any other plants, bring a positive vibe, and are aesthetic for home decorations.

Through this article, we have tried to answer all your questions, from which bamboo plant goes well indoors to how to grow a perfect bamboo plant indoors. The complete article will provide thorough information and lesser-known facts about indoor bamboo plants.

Meta: Are you a big fan of bamboo plants? Here are 10 bamboo plants you can grow indoors with ease.

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