3 Different Types of Peony Flowers with Pictures & Information

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Botanically named Paeonia Spp., the Peony is a flowering plant for USDA Hardiness Zones 3-8. It thrives in full sun and follows a remarkable bloom in springs or early summer. Its blossoms are pretty and delicate, wide and flair. They look like cotton buds when seen from a distance. Peonies bloom in pink, red, white, purple, and yellow colors.

These flowers vary in the qualities of their layers, like single, double, and semi-double layers. Many of those are double shaded as well. Some of the peonies are fragrant, which is even more blissful.

Flowers are the sheer bliss of God, and peony flowers are the tenderness of that bliss. I am sure you would love to keep a plant of one of all the beautiful peony flowers. Peony flowers are exquisite to see and easy to maintain with good vibrations for our homes. Peony flowers are the most commonly loved flowers as they bloom and flaunt almost every color.

Natural Surroundings for the Growth of Peonies

The Mediterranean Mountains have the most significant area on this earth with the highest number of peonies species, which are its native types. In this place, the peonies happen to grow in a natural and complex ecosystem, looking beautiful on the mountain slopes.

In Northern Asia, to be very specific, you will find great diversity in the Peonies in China. Peonies tend to grow randomly in the mountains and the grassy areas. You will find the Long and Woody types of Species in large volumes in South West China and Tibet. There are many species available in Northern America as well.

But Under what Conditions Should You Grow these Peonies?

If you follow the following requirements for soil, sunlight, and shelter, you will have a good bloom of peonies.

1. Soil

Peonies grow the best in areas like deep soil and organic soil, rich in minerals. So, you should completely drain the soil; otherwise, the roots will die due to staying soggy for long. Use a good quality of compost and fertilizer when you plant them.

2. Sun

Sun is broadly a great source of energy in all the vegetations. All the species of Peonies grow great when there is sunlight. The majority of the peonies will bloom great if they get sunlight for most of the day in their growing period. If you place it in an all shade area, the flowers will not bloom well. Thus, the sun plays a significant part in the journey of your peonies.

3. Shelter

We plant the flowers in our homes for those vibrant looks, blooming homes, good vibes, and natural feels. Sadly these blooms and colors are not staying for long if they meet with strong wind or storms. You can do something thoughtful to save your Peonies from these disasters.

Select a spot that is well shaded and sheltered. It may save them against the intense windy trauma. You can also try tomato cages and wood stakes to support your weighed-down peony plants. However, peonies can tolerate winters and a cold atmosphere.

Let’s check out which one of the following beauties you love more.

Also Read: Violas Flower: Growing and Caring Guide

Types of Peony Flowers

For a flower lover or someone who loves gardening and is still in the beginning phase, peony flowers will be a great joy ride for their gardening journey. Peony flowers can be grown quickly, maintained very easily, and most importantly, very attractive.

1. Herbaceous Peonies

Herbaceous Peonies
Image Credit: https://manojmaldegardendesign.co.uk/

You can also call them bush peonies. They will demand very little care and caution. This type is dull and grounded in winters, but it comes back when the snow melts again.

Herbaceous Peonies are known as solid and long-staying types of peonies. You will mainly find them in two types:

1) The standard type of peonies is lactiflora cultivars; it primarily belongs to China.

2) The other is the hybrid one produced by crossing between two or more types. They bloom in a variety of foliage and colors. You see them blooming early in the year compared to other peonies of the usual kind.

2. Itoh Peonies

Itoh Peonies
Image Credit: https://www.thespruce.com/

The charming hybrid type is a mix of herbaceous peonies and the Itoh Peonies tree peony. It is desirable due to its vibrant color. This one also dies when the winter arrives and then blooms again afterward.

Itoh peony comes up with an excellent, round bush form. Itoh peonies are very new in the market, but people have shown distinct demand for this type due to its beauty and durability.

3. Tree Peonies

Tree Peonies
Image Credit: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/

The tree peonies are with this title because of their tree-like structure and woody stems. It also defoliates in each fall season. The branches of this plant tend to hang above the ground. This one blooms earlier than bush peonies.

The Boreas Peony is a very pretty-looking type of tree peony. These peonies are a little more care sensitive than other types, so you got to be a little more careful when you plant them.

Read More: 21 Types of Tree with White Flowers

Bloom Types for Peonies

Just like all flowers, Peonies have got petals. The big-sized petals are named guard petals, and they usually surround the center made of stamens. The type of peony decides the patterns of petals that cover the center. It also determines the shape of the flower.

Along with the different varieties of Peonies, there are five kinds of blooms. You can check them out below.

1. Single Peonies

Single Peonies
Image Credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/

It is a rose-like pattern of a single line of many broad petals. That row builds typically around a lot of stamens and carpel. Thus, the visibly vast central portion with wide and pretty petals makes a good round shape around it. This flower has got a unique look. You must go out and search for some Single Peonies.

My favorites are Sea Shell, Scarlett O’Hara, Athena, Dad, Imperial Red, and Crinkled White.

2. Semi-Double Peonies

Semi-Double Peonies
Image Credit: https://www.pinterest.com/

This type of Peony bloom is famous for its distinctive shape and designs. You will find its stamens mixed in the petals. We usually find a few petal rows around the center, providing a layering look that goes quite different and catchy. When it blooms fully, the pollen-bearing anther is finely visible, and its stamen might be the main feature of this kind of flower.

3. Japanese Peonies

Japanese Peonies
Image Credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/

The Japanese Peonies’ petals begin to grow dually from the same end. Its filaments and stamens are also vast. Its anthers are visibly prominent; maybe that’s why the flowers have a distinct look among all the peonies.

The fact is not that they originally come from Japan. We call it by the name because the Japanese adored this type of peony for years. It has a beautifully layered look, broad at the center, which indirectly makes the petals seem smaller. The Japanese Peonies have tiny curved petals as well.

There are various adorable plants of Japanese Peonies like Madame Butterfly, Gertrude Allen, Nippon Beauty, etc.

4. Full-Double Peonies

Full-double peonies
Image Credit: https://www.sunset.com/

They have several layers and no center because other portions develop into the petals. The growth of carpel and stamen is like a guard petal in some peonies. While in some varieties, the petals are very tiny, and some have only petals, no stamen or stigma.

5. The Bomb Peony

The Bomb Peony
Image Credit: https://growpeonies.com/

This one hasn’t got any crown with it, but the broad petals around the center give it such a bomb-like look. All you see in this flower are petals and only petals. Isn’t that dreamily beautiful? I find this type attractive and vibrant.

Though being large, the petals of the bomb peony are pretty different from the guard petals. The best take in Bomb Peonies is Raspberry Sundae, Red Charm.

You May Also Read: How to Install Flower Bed Edging? 11 Simple Steps


To take most care of the peonies and produce flowers larger in size, you should try disbudding. You must remove the side buds on each stem but keep the terminal bud on the stem tip. It would help if you started with disbudding when they are visible.

It would be best to get rid of the dull and faded ones for a good bloom. You can cut down the stem to a set of leaves in the foliage; the open twigs would not stick out.

So, Peonies as a plant are an excellent take for any garden or flower lover. If you are a newbie or a professional gardening guy, the peonies won’t disappoint you. Their vibrant vibes of different colors and adorable shapes and sizes bring good luck and charm to our homes and offices. They make your days better and your faces happier, leading to a great day and a cheerful time.

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